Ring-necked pheasant
Phasianus colchicus
 
ITIS Species Code:   175905         NatureServ Element Code:   ABNLC07010
 
Taxa: 
Order: 
Family: 
Aves
Galliformes
Phasianidae
NatureServe Global Rank: 
NatureServe State (NC) Rank: 
 
G5
SE
 
Federal Status: 
NC State Status: 
 
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PARTNERS IN FLIGHT PRIORITY SCORES:
Southern Blue Ridge:  n/a Southern Piedmont:  11 South Atl. Coastal Plain:  n/a
 
HEXAGONAL KNOWN RANGE:PREDICTED DISTRIBUTION:
 
SUMMARY OF STATEWIDE PREDICTED DISTRIBUTION:
 
Land Unit

US Fish & Wildlife Service
US Forest Service
US National Park Service
US Department of Defense
NC State Parks
NC University System
NC Wildlife Res. Com.
NC Forest Service
NC Div. of Coastal Mgmt.
Local Governments
Non-Governmental Org.
Other Public Lands
Private Lands

GAP Status 1-2
All Protected Lands
Statewide
 
Hectares

271.08
0.00
0.00
3,599.64
33.39
0.00
8.01
0.00
2.07
0.00
5.04
0.09
1,450.53

1,844.46
3,919.32
5,369.85
 
Acres

669.85
0.00
0.00
8,894.90
82.51
0.00
19.79
0.00
5.12
0.00
12.45
0.22
3,584.34

4,557.76
9,684.85
13,269.19
% of Dist. on
Prot. Lands

6.9 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
91.8 %
0.9 %
0.0 %
0.2 %
0.0 %
< 0.1 %
0.1 %
0.1 %
< 0.1 %
0.0 %

47.1 %
-----   
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% of Dist. on
All Lands

5.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
67.0 %
0.6 %
0.0 %
0.1 %
0.0 %
< 0.1 %
0.0 %
< 0.1 %
< 0.1 %
27.0 %

34.3 %
-----   
-----   
 
HABITAT DESCRIPTION:
Very local at specific sites on the barrier islands since 1930s (Fussell 1994, Potter et al. 1980).

Inhabits any type of semi-open area, such as the edge of marshes and forests, grassy or brushy fields, farms with mixed crops, or hedgerows. The presence of water may be an important factor (Kaufman 1996); rarely found far from it (Harrison 1975).

Nests on the ground in open areas with herbaceous ground cover to conceal nest (Harrison 1975). Forages on the ground (Ehrlich et al. 1988).

NATURE SERVE GLOBAL HABITAT COMMENTS:

Open country (especially cultivated areas, scrubby wastes, open woodland and edges of woods), grassy steppe, desert oases, riverside thickets, swamps and open mountain forest (AOU 1983). Winter shelter includes bushes and trees along streams, shelterbelts, and fencerows. Usually nests in fields, brushy edges, or pastures, also along road rights-of-way. Nest is shallow depression scratched out by female.

 
MODELING DESCRIPTION:
Occupied Landcover Map Units:
Code NameDescription NC Natural Heritage Program Equivalent
371 Maritime Grasslands Dune grass community consisting of sea oats and beach grasses. Dune grass, Maritime dry grassland
20 Coniferous Regeneration Regenerating pine stands. Predominantly loblolly pine, but slash and longleaf stands occur as well. No equivalent
36 Successional Deciduous Forests Regenerating deciduous trees with a shrub stature. Commonly dominated by sweetgum, tulip poplars and maples. No equivalent
180 Agricultural Crop Fields Farm fields used for row crops. No equivalent
205 Agricultural Pasture/Hay and Natural Herbaceous Farm fields used for pasture grass or hay production, as well as old fields dominated by native and exotic grasses. No equivalent
202 Residential Urban Includes vegetation interspersed in residential areas. Includes lawns, mixed species woodlots, and horticultural shrubs. Vegetation accounts for between 20 - 70% of the cover. No equivalent
View Entire Landcover Legend
 
Additional Spatial Constraints:
Exclude all area outside of known range.
Limited to the outerbanks.
Exclude areas of intensive human activity including moderately to highly developed landscapes.
 
CITATIONS:
McAtee, W.L. 1945. The ring-necked pheasant and its management in North America. Wash. 320 pp.

Fussell, J.O. III. 1994. A birderís guide to coastal North Carolina. Chapel Hill and London: The University of North Carolina Press.

Kaufman K. 1996. Lives of North American Birds. Boston, New York: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Pough, R. H. 1957. Audubon Western Bird Guide. Doubleday. 316 pp.

Harrison, H.H. 1975. A field guide to bird's nests in the U.S. east of the Mississippi River. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts. 257 p.

Harrison, C. 1978. A field guide to the nests, eggs and nestlings of North American birds. Collins, Cleveland, Ohio.

Howman, K. C. R. 1979. Pheasants, their breeding and management. 117 pp.

Potter, E. F., J. F. Parnell, and R. P. Teulings. 1980. Birds of the Carolinas. Univ. North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. 408 pp.

Terres, J.K. 1980. The Audubon Society encyclopedia of North American birds. Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

American Ornithologists' Union (AOU), Committee on Classification and Nomenclature. 1983. Check-list of North American Birds. Sixth Edition. American Ornithologists' Union, Allen Press, Inc., Lawrence, Kansas.

Ehrlich, P.R., D.S. Dobkin, and D. Wheye. 1988. The birder's handbook:a field guide to the natural history of North American birds. Simon and Shuster, Inc., New York. xxx + 785 pp.

Reichel, J. D., and P. O. Glass. 1991. Checklist of the birds of the Mariana Islands. Elepaio 50:3-11.

10 March 2005
 
This data was compiled and/or developed by the North Carolina GAP Analysis Project.

For more information please contact them at:
NC-GAP Analysis Project
Dept. of Zoology, NCSU
Campus Box 7617
Raleigh, NC 27695-7617
(919) 513-2853
www.basic.ncsu.edu/ncgap